Be Healthy!Start eating, feeling & living better today. Subscribe

Cottage Pie

5 Mins read
delicious traditional portuguese empadao dish

You’ve stumbled upon the ultimate guide to creating the perfect cottage pie.

This British classic is more than just a dish, it’s a piece of history.

We’ll dive into its rich past, explore essential ingredients, and guide you through every step of the cooking process.

Whether you’re a seasoned chef or a kitchen novice, get ready to whip up the most delicious cottage pie you’ve ever tasted.

Let’s turn your kitchen into a culinary masterpiece.

Cottage Pie 3

The History Behind Cottage Pie

You’re about to delve into the fascinating history behind the humble cottage pie. Originating from the United Kingdom in the 18th century, it’s a hearty dish created by housewives looking for inventive ways to serve leftover meat. These frugal cooks didn’t let anything go to waste.

The name ‘cottage pie’ came later, in the 19th century, reflecting the rural workers’ cottages where it was often prepared.

Creamy KFC mashed potato

The magic of cottage pie lies in its simplicity. It’s typically made with beef, veggies, and a crust of mashed potatoes. But don’t be fooled by its humble origins. This dish is a beloved comfort food, not just in England, but around the world.

Key Ingredients for a Perfect Cottage Pie

To make this comfort food truly shine, you’ll need a few key ingredients: ground beef, vegetables, and a creamy mashed potato topping.

The beef is the heart of the dish, so don’t skimp on quality. Fresh, lean ground beef makes all the difference.

Next, you’ll want a mix of hearty vegetables. Traditionalists stick with onions, carrots, and peas, but feel free to get creative.

Finally, the mashed potato topping is the crowning glory of your cottage pie. Make sure it’s creamy, fluffy, and well-seasoned. Some people even add a sprinkle of cheese on top for extra flavor.

Cottage Pie 4

Step-by-Step Guide to Making Cottage Pie

Once you’ve gathered all your ingredients, it’s time to dive into the step-by-step process of piecing together this comforting dish.

Start by preheating your oven to 200°C.

In a large pan, cook your minced beef until it’s browned. Drain the fat, then add your diced vegetables. Cook until they’re softened, then stir in your tomato paste, Worcestershire sauce, and beef broth. Let it simmer until thickened.

While that’s cooking, boil your potatoes until they’re tender. Drain them, then mash them with butter and milk until they’re creamy.

Spoon your beef mixture into a baking dish, then top it with your mashed potatoes.

Bake until the topping is golden brown.

And voila, you’ve now made a mouthwatering cottage pie! Enjoy!

Variations and Twists on the Traditional Cottage Pie

Cottage Pie 10

Feeling adventurous with your cooking, you might want to explore some tweaks and twists on this classic dish. Instead of the traditional beef filling, you could try lamb for a shepherd’s pie variation. Or go meatless with a hearty mix of lentils and mushrooms. You’re not bound to peas and carrots either—why not add some parsnips or sweetcorn to the mix?

The mashed potato topping could also use a makeover. You could mix in some sweet potatoes or parsnip for a different flavor profile. Or sprinkle some cheese on top for an extra layer of deliciousness. You can even add some herbs to the mash, like rosemary or thyme.

Tips and Tricks for the Best Cottage Pie You’ve Ever Made

You’re now ready to level up your cooking skills with some tips and tricks for making the most scrumptious version of this classic comfort food you’ve ever tasted.

Always remember that the quality of your ingredients matters. Opt for fresh produce and lean ground beef.

When preparing the potatoes, don’t overcook them. They should be tender but still firm. Mash them while they’re hot and add a touch of cream for an extra smooth texture.

Cottage Pie ingredients

Don’t skimp on the seasoning either. A dash of Worcestershire sauce can add depth of flavor to your meat filling, while herbs like rosemary and thyme can elevate the taste.

Lastly, ensure you brown your pie in the oven properly to get that irresistible crispy topping.

Happy cooking!

delicious traditional portuguese empadao dish


You've stumbled upon the ultimate guide to creating the perfect cottage pie.
Prep Time 35 minutes
Cook Time 1 hour 50 minutes


  • 3 tbsp olive oil
  • kg beef mince
  • 2 onions finely chopped
  • 3 carrots chopped
  • 3 celery sticks chopped
  • 2 garlic cloves finely chopped
  • 3 tbsp plain flour
  • 1 tbsp tomato purée
  • large glass of red wine optional
  • 850 ml beef stock
  • 4 tbsp Worcestershire sauce
  • a few thyme sprigs
  • 2 bay leaves
  • For the mash
  • 1.8 kg potatoes chopped
  • 225 ml milk
  • 25 g butter
  • 200 g strong cheddar grated
  • freshly grated nutmeg



  • Heat 1 tbsp olive oil in a large saucepan and fry 1¼kg beef mince until browned – you may need to do this in batches. Set aside as it browns.


  • Put the other 2 tbsp olive oil into the pan, add 2 finely chopped onions, 3 chopped carrots and 3 chopped celery sticks and cook on a gentle heat until soft, about 20 mins.


  • Add 2 finely chopped garlic cloves, 3 tbsp plain flour and 1 tbsp tomato purée, increase the heat and cook for a few mins, then return the beef to the pan.


  • Pour over a large glass of red wine, if using, and boil to reduce it slightly before adding the 850ml beef stock, 4 tbsp Worcestershire sauce, a few thyme sprigs and 2 bay leaves.


  • Bring to a simmer and cook, uncovered, for 45 mins. By this time the gravy should be thick and coating the meat. Check after about 30 mins – if a lot of liquid remains, increase the heat slightly to reduce the gravy a little. Season well, then discard the bay leaves and thyme stalks.


  • Meanwhile, make the mash. In a large saucepan, cover the 1.8kg potatoes which you’ve peeled and chopped, in salted cold water, bring to the boil and simmer until tender.


  • Drain well, then allow to steam-dry for a few mins. Mash well with the 225ml milk, 25g butter, and three-quarters of the 200g strong cheddar cheese, then season with freshly grated nutmeg and some salt and pepper.


  • Spoon the meat into 2 ovenproof dishes. Pipe or spoon on the mash to cover. Sprinkle on the remaining cheese.


  • If eating straight away, heat oven to 220C/200C fan/gas 7 and cook for 25-30 mins, or until the topping is golden.


  • If you want to use a slow cooker, brown your mince in batches then tip into your slow cooker and stir in the vegetables, flour, purée, wine, stock, Worcestershire sauce and herbs with some seasoning. Cover and cook on High for 4-5 hours. Make the mash following the previous steps, and then oven cook in the same way to finish.


What Kind of Drink Pairs Well With Cottage Pie?

You’re wondering about a drink pairing, right? A bold, full-bodied red wine, like a Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot, pairs well. The wine’s depth complements the rich flavors of the dish you’re enjoying.

Can Cottage Pie Be Frozen for Future Use?

Absolutely! You can freeze your dish for future use. Just ensure it’s cooled completely before you cover it tightly and pop it in the freezer. When you’re ready to eat, thaw and reheat it thoroughly.

How to make Cottage Pie

Is Cottage Pie Suitable for a Vegetarian or Vegan Diet?

No, typically it isn’t suitable for a vegetarian or vegan diet. Traditional recipes include ground beef, which doesn’t align with these dietary restrictions. However, you can make a veggie version using plant-based substitutes.

How to Reheat Cottage Pie Without Drying It Out?

To avoid drying out your dish while reheating, cover it with foil. Heat it in the oven at a low temperature. Gradually increase the heat, then remove the foil for the last few minutes to re-crisp the top.

Are There Any Allergens Commonly Found in Cottage Pie?

Yes, you’ll often find allergens in this dish. Common ones include dairy, gluten, and potentially egg, depending on the recipe. Always check the ingredients if you’re concerned about a specific allergen.

Mashed Potato Topping for Cottage Pie 1


So, you’ve discovered the history, ingredients, and variations of cottage pie.

You’ve even mastered the step-by-step guide.

Now, it’s time to bring it all together and wow your guests with the best cottage pie they’ve ever tasted.

Cottage Pie 8

Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be afraid to experiment and add your own twist.

Who knows? Your version might just become the next delicious chapter in the long history of cottage pie.


192 posts

About author
Meet Sue Perera, the culinary aficionado behind our captivating recipe hub. An imaginative and talented young woman, Sue has an unwavering passion for all things food – especially those aromatic wonders, cinnamon and thyme. Her deep-seated love for these two unique spices inspired the birth of this website, but don't be fooled – her culinary repertoire extends far beyond these two ingredients.
You may also like

Classic Bolognese Sauce

5 Mins read
Ready to master the ultimate pasta sauce? You’re in for a treat. In this guide, we’re exploring classic Bolognese, steeped in rich…

Slow Cooker Chinese Pork Shoulder Recipe

4 Mins read
You’re about to embark on a culinary adventure! This Slow Cooker Chinese Pork Shoulder recipe will transport you right to the heart…

Orange Thyme Jam

5 Mins read
You’re about to discover a unique blend of flavors with this homemade orange thyme jam! It’s more than just a spread for…